Try to find a subject that really interests you.

Try to find a subject that really interests you.

  • Find a subject.
    1. When you explore the topic, narrow or broaden your target and concentrate on something which provides the most results that are promising.
    2. Don’t choose a big subject if you need to submit at least 25 pages if you have to write a 3 page long paper, and broaden your topic sufficiently.
    3. Check with your class instructor (as well as your classmates) about the topic.
  • Explore the subject.
    1. Find primary and sources that are secondary the library.
    2. Read and critically analyse them.
    3. Make notes.
    4. Compile surveys, collect data, gather materials for quantitative analysis (if these are good methods to investigate the subject more deeply).
    5. Come up with new ideas concerning the topic. Try to formulate your ideas in a sentences that are few.
    6. Write a outline that is short of future paper.
      1. Review your notes along with other materials and enrich the outline.
      2. Try to estimate the length of time the parts that are individual be.
    7. It is helpful if you’re able to speak about your intend to a few friends (brainstorming) or even to your professor.
      1. Do others determine what you want to express?
      2. Do they accept it as new knowledge or important and relevant for a paper?
      3. Do they concur that your thinking will result in a paper that is successful?
  • Methods, Thesis, and Hypothesis

    • Qualitative: gives answers on questions (how, why, when, who, what, etc.) by investigating a problem
    • Quantitative:requires data while the analysis of information as well
    • the essence, the point regarding the research paper within one or two sentences.


    • A statement that can be disproved or proved.

    Clarity, Precision, and Academic Expression

    • Be specific.
    • Avoid ambiguity.
    • Use predominantly the voice that is active not the passive.
    • Deal with one issue within one paragraph.
    • Be accurate.
    • Double-check your computer data, references, citations and statements.

    Academic Expression

    • Avoid using style that is familiar colloquial/slang expressions.
    • Write in full sentences.
    • Look at the meaning of the language if you do not know precisely what they mean.
    • Avoid metaphors.
    • Write a outline that is detailed.
      1. Almost the rough content of every paragraph.
      2. The order of the various topics in your paper.
    • In line with the outline, start writing a component by planning the information, and write it down then.
    • Put a visible mark (that you simply will later delete) in which you want to quote a source, and write in the citation once you finish writing that part or a larger part.
    • It loud for yourself or somebody else when you are ready with a longer part, read.
      1. Does the writing add up?
      2. Could you explain what you wanted?
      3. Did you write good sentences?
      4. Is there something missing?
    • Check out the spelling.
    • Complete the citations, bring them in standard format.
    • Make use of the guidelines that your particular instructor requires (MLA, Chicago, APA, Turabian, etc.).

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      • Adjust margins, spacing, paragraph indentation, place of page numbers, etc.
      • Standardize the bibliography or footnotes according to the guidelines.
      • Weak organization
      • Poor development and support of ideas
      • Weak use of secondary sources
      • Excessive errors
      • Stylistic weakness
      • When collecting materials, selecting research topic, and writing the paper:

        • Be organized and systematic(e.g. keep your bibliography neat and organized; write your notes in a neat way, so them later on that you can find.
        • Make use of your critical thinking ability when you read.
        • Write down your thoughts (so you could reconstruct them later).
        • Stop if you have a really good idea and think about whether you might enlarge it to a whole research paper. If yes, take much longer notes.
        • Once you take note of a quotation or summarize someone else’s thoughts in your notes or perhaps in the paper, cite the foundation (for example. jot down the writer, title, publication place, year, page number).
        • If you quote or summarize a thought from the internet, cite the internet source.
        • Write an overview that is detailed enough to remind you concerning the content.
        • Write in full sentences.
        • Read your paper for yourself or, preferably, someone else.
        • When you finish writing, check out the spelling;
        • Use the citation form (MLA, Chicago, or any other) that your instructor requires and use it everywhere.

        Plagiarism: somebody else’s words or ideas presented without citation by an author

        • Cite your source every time when you quote an integral part of somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every right time once you summarize a thought from somebody’s work.
        • Cite your source every right time when you use a source (quote or summarize) from the web.

        Consult the sources that are citing guide for further details.